Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 disease also runs in families.
Most people diagnosed with type 2 are age 30 or older. Half of all new cases are below the age of 50 in India nowadays.
Compared with whites and Asians, type 2 diabetes is more common among Native Americans, African-Americans, Latinos, and Hispanics.
Insulin resistance worsens as weight increases and physical activity decreases. Many people with type 2 diabetes have sedentary lifestyles and are obese; they weigh at least 20 percent more than the recommended weight for their height and build.
Lack of exercise, especially in those who are overweight, increases risk.
If you developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy, you’re at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes later.
Women who have given birth to babies weighing 9 pounds or more are at an increased risk.
These include thiazide diuretics (used to manage high blood pressure) and steroids (used to help with inflammatory conditions).